All About Seeds


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Seeds come in all shapes, sizes, and types. There are some seeds that are so tiny, they look like dust.  Other seeds, though, can be as big as a basketball!

A Growing Seed diagram shows you how a seed grows into a plant.

Seed Facts

  • Seeds come in all shapes, sizes, colors, and textures.
  • Seeds contain all the material a plant needs for making more of itself.
  • “Monocot” seeds start life with one seed leaf, like grass.
  • “Dicot” seeds start life with two seed leaves, like beans.
  • Seeds have a protective coat that can be thin, or thick and hard.
  • The baby plant inside the seed is called the embryo.
  • Seeds can be spread by wind, water, and animals.
  • Most seeds remain dormant (asleep) until they are given water.
  • Insects or other animals that transfer pollen from plant to plant are called “pollinators.”
  • Pollen is the fine, powder-like material plants need to make seeds.

Suggested Reading

A Seed Is Sleepy, by Dianna Hutts Aston
How a Seed Grows, by Helene Jordon
Flip, Float, Fly: Seeds on the Move, by JoAnn Early Macken
A Fruit Is a Suitcase for Seeds, by Jean Richards
From Seed to Maple Tree: Following the Life Cycle, by Laura Purdie Salas